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Most Common Applications of End Effectors or EOATs

October 25th, 2021

The manufacturing businesses have continuously evolved over the past few years. And with constant technological improvements, more and more tools are introduced to ensure that businesses can carry out their operations efficiently and optimally.

One of the tools that are being utilised by the manufacturing businesses is the end effector. End effectors, which are also known as the end of arm tooling (EOAT), are essential devices that can be attached to the wrist of a robot. The robots used by the businesses are intended to automate key processes that are used to be done manually by workers. Utilising high-quality robots that are equipped with reliable end effectors can make business operations more efficient, faster, and safer.

End effectors or EOATs take various form factors to ensure businesses can finish their operations. Here are some of the most common applications of end effectors or EOATs.


One of the most common applications of end effectors or EOATs is assembly. Assembly is the process of putting together parts and components to create a specific product. End effectors such as grippers and sensors can work best with this application due to their reliable functions. Grippers are end effectors that can steadily pick up and hold parts and components. They can likewise regulate and manipulate the orientation of the said objects. Sensors, alternatively, are end effectors that can detect changes in the environment and send all their picked up information to the system.


Welding generally is a process of joining two or metal components through heat, pressure, or the combination of the two elements. One common end effector for the welding process is the welding torch or gun. Welding torches have become popular with robotic applications since they can carry out various welding processes. They can mix open flame with gas fuel and oxygen so that the metal components can be put together. Most welding torches or guns can be used for arc welding and spot welding.

Material Removal

Material removal processes are done to remove excess products from the workpieces. End effectors intended for material removal can easily cut, drill, and deburr materials, ensuring that products will obtain high-quality results. Products that have undergone material removal processes are expected to have a great surface finish and accurate dimensions. Some materials that can be processed with material removal end effectors are plastic, rubber, and metal.


Palletising is the process of transporting and stacking products in one place. This specific process can be utilised by businesses that store a huge number of products. Some end effectors that can be effective in carrying out this process are grippers, vacuums, and clamps. As previously stated, grippers can hold products and workpieces so they can transport them into another place. Vacuums, on the other hand, utilise the difference between the atmospheric pressure and the vacuum in lifting, holding, and moving products. Clamps, ultimately, have two metal pieces that can be tightened so they can move products.

If you need end effectors for your business, you can call us at ENKOSI.

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